sábado, 17 de febrero de 2018

La voz pasiva-Passive Voice

Passive Voice. La Voz Pasiva
La voz pasiva se usa cuando se quiere resaltar la persona, animal o cosa en la que recae la acción del verbo principal en vez de resaltar el sujeto o agente de la acción verbal. A veces no se sabe, es obvio, no es relevante o no se quiere decir el sujeto de la acción del verbo. La voz pasiva se usa mucho en textos periodísticos, científicos y más tipos y en el registro formal con más frecuencia.
The passive voice is used when we want to emphasize the person, animal or thing that receives the action of the main verb instead of focusing the attention on the subject or agent of the action of the verb. It is very used in journalist and scientific texts as well as other types and formal rather than colloquial language.
We always change the Subject to the end of the sentence preceded “by”+ Noun or personal pronoun object and the Direct or Indirect Object becomes the Subject Recipient of the action of the verb. Moreover we change the verb into passive using the verb To Be and the main verb in the Past Participle form, but the tense of the active sentence is never changed.
Siempre cambiamos el sujeto al final de la frase precedido por “by + Nombre o pronombre personal objeto” y el objeto directo o indirecto llega a ser Sujeto Paciente de la acción del verbo. Además cambiamos el verbo activo a pasivo usando el verbo Ser o Estar en inglés y el Participio de Pasado del verbo principal, pero el tiempo verbal de la oración activa no cambia en la voz pasivo, esto es si es presente, pasado o futuro en la voz pasiva seguirá siéndolo.
Example: The child gives the gifts(Direct Object) to her/the lady.(Indirect Object)
Subject Recipient Direct Object: The gifts are given (Passive Verb) to the lady (IO) by the boy.
Subject Recipient Indirect Object: The lady is given (Passive Verb) the gifts (DO) by the boy.

Present Simple Active
Present Simple Passive
 Write / writes
Be written
Past Simple Active
Past Simple Passive
Wrote
Was/were written
Present Continuous Active
 Present Continuous Passive
Is/ are writing
Is / are being written
Past Continuous Active
Past Continuous Passive
Was /were writing
Was/ were being written
Future Immediate Active
Future Immediate Passive
Is going to write
Is going to be made
Future Simple Active
Future Simple Passive
Will write
Will be written
Present Perfect Active
Present Perfect Passive
Has written
Has been written
Future Perfect Active
Future Perfect Passive
Will have written
Will have been written 
Future Perfect Continuous Active
Future Perfect Continuous Passive
Will have been writing
Will have been being written
Modals in Present tenses Active
Modals in Present tenses Passive
Can/may//will/ shall write
Could/ might/ would /should be written

Sometimes the Verb “get” can replace the verb BE in the passive verb form:
Example: That building in Madison Square got overhauled (mejorado).
Besides the verb “need” can also be used with a passive sense to signify when something has to be done without saying who should do it.
Example: The car needs to be mended (reparado).
Reporting verbs such as say, consider, believe, think, assume, suppose, report are often said in news broadcasts or newspaper articles to report widely held views, which may or may not have been proven. There are two forms:
It is thought that the child knew his father-------------The child is thought to have known his father
It is said that the villagers were afraid of machines--The villagers are said to be afraid of machines

 https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive
https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/active-and-passive-voice
https://www.englishgrammar.org/active-passive-voice-exercise-8/
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/passive-exercises.html

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