jueves, 12 de abril de 2018

Jornadas culturales CEPA Paulo Freire 2017-18

Hola a todos, adjunto el programa de actividades de las jornadas culturales 2017-18 que esperamos os parezcan interesantes y queráis participar con nosotros.
See you soon!

miércoles, 14 de marzo de 2018


In order to master the language we must be aware of many sorts of vocabulary learning, so we must learn a large number of collocating words in a particular manner in order to sound like a native. In English there are groupings of words that are used frequently by native speakers and other way of mixture is considered odd or inadequate.
According with the strength of the link between the words they can be classified also as strong (fixed link) or weak (words can collocate with more other words).  Two main factors can influence the collocational range of an item: the first is its level of specificity, thus the more general a word is, the broader its collocational range and the more specific it may be the more restricted its collocational range. Also as many senses has the word it is bigger its collocational range and most words have several senses so they can have different set of collocates for each meaning.
Different sorts of collocations may be formed by these clusters:
Para dominar una lengua tener que saber las formas de aprendizaje de vocabulario, por lo tanto debemos aprender un gran número de palabras que se colocan de una manera particular para que sonar como un nativo. En inglés hay agrupamientos de palabras que se usan con frecuencia por hablantes nativos y otra forma de combinación se considera extraña o inadecuada.
De acuerdo con la fuerza del nexo entre las palabras podrán ser clasificadas como fuerte (una unión fija) o débil (palabras que se pueden colocar con otras). Dos factores principales pueden influir el rango de colocaciones de un articulo: el primero es su nivel de concreción, así cuanto más general sea una palabra, más amplio será su nivel de colocación y si es más específico será más restringido su nivel de colocación. También cuantos más sentidos tenga la palabra mayor será su rango de colocación y la mayoría de las palabras tienen diferentes significados por lo que tendrán diferentes juegos de colocaciones por cada significado. Diferentes tipos de colocaciones pueden ser formadas por estos agrupamientos entre nombres, verbos, adjetivos, adverbios:
Sample Collocations
-Verb + verb: Keep: keep a secret, keep a promise, keep in touch, keep quiet
Have: have a bath, have a drink, have a good time, have a holiday, have a relationship, have lunch…
Make: make a difference, make a mess, make a mistake, make an effort, make progress, make trouble…
Break: break a habit, break a leg, break a window, break the law, break the ice
Pay: pay a fine, pay attention, pay cash, pay the price, pay the bill
Catch: catch a ball, catch a bus, catch a cold, catch someone’s attention
Save: save electricity, save money, save time, save someone a seat, save someone’s life…
Do: do business, do nothing, do someone a favour, do the housework or the cooking, do your best, do your hair…
-Verb + noun: take offence, breach of agreement, reach an agreement, make changes, draw/come to/ reach an agreement, take a course/ test, make decisions, take/sit an exam, attain/ achieve a goal, spread information, arouse/awaken interest, miss an opportunity, meet/ fulfil/satisfy requirement, matter of fact, commit suicide, -etc.
-Noun + preposition + noun: a surge of anger, sense of pride, a pang of nostalgia, matter of fact, once upon a time, two peas in a pod…
-Adverb + adjective: completely satisfied, happily married, serious problems, blissfully unaware.
-Adjective + noun: excruciating pain, bright colour, brief chat, major problem, health service…
-Noun + noun: ceasefire agreement, phone card, milk chocolate…
-Noun + verb: lions roar, economy boomed, company merge, price increase…
-Verb + preposition + noun: burst into tears, gone with the wind
-Verb + adverb: wave frantically, speak softly, love dearly, complain bitterly, fail miserably, treat well, act naturally, pull steadily, whisper softly, smile proudly, etc.
You can practise further with collocations exercises in the websites below:

jueves, 8 de marzo de 2018

Idioms or Proverbs-Modismos

In English we can find many expressions which we can not guess their meaning by mere translation. They are frequently used in daily English and we really need to learn them as well as new vocabulary in order to increase our knowledge and competency in the English language. These are common and popular expressions used by native English-speakers though there are variations depending on the country, city or area where you are, but they will help you to understand and get a closer approach to the culture and societies of native English speakers because these direct, simple and colloquial expressions sum up an idea, thought or situation easily with some simple words placed together so you can get the gist of what they are actually saying. There is a list of idioms below so you can learn and know the real meaning of these expressions:
En inglés podemos encontrar muchas expresiones las cuales no podemos adivinar su significado con una traducción literal simple. Estas se usan en un inglés diario frecuentemente y necesitamos aprenderlas así como el vocabulario nuevo para aumentar nuestro conocimiento y competencia en la lengua inglesa. Son expresiones comunes y populares usadas por hablantes nativos aunque hay variaciones dependiendo del país, ciudad o región donde te encuentres, pero te ayudarán a comprender y acercarte a la cultura y sociedades de habla inglesa porque son expresiones directas, simples y coloquiales que resumen una idea, pensamiento o situación con unas simples palabras puestas juntas para que recojas la pista principal sobre lo que están diciendo. Aquí abajo hay una lista para que puedas aprender y conocer el significado real de estas expresiones:
-Taste of your own medicine: probar tu propia medicina. It means that something happens to you, or is done to you, that you have done to someone else
-To hear something straight from the horse's mouth: escuchar algo de alguien que lo sabe realmente. To hear something from the authoritative source.
-Whole nine yards: tenerlo o cogerlo todo. Everything. All of it.
-Wouldn't be caught dead: no hacer algo nunca de forma voluntaria jamás. Would never like to do something.
-Your guess is as good as mine: tu conjetura es tan buena como la mía. To have no idea, do not know the answer to a question.
-A hot potato: un tema candente. Speak of an issue (mostly current) which many people are talking about and which is usually disputed.
-A penny for your thoughts: dime lo que piensas. A way of asking what someone is thinking.
-Actions speak louder than words: los hechos hablan más alto que palabras. People's intentions can be judged better by what they do than what they say.
-Add insult to injury: agraviar aún más. To further a loss with mockery or indignity; to worsen an unfavorable situation.
-At the drop of a hat: inmediatamente. To do something without any hesitation; instantly.
-Back to the drawing board: intentarlo de nuevo desde el principio. When an attempt fails and it's time to start all over.
-Ball is in your court: tener que tomar una decision. It is up to you to make the next decision or step
-Barking up the wrong tree: ir al sitio erróneo, acusar a la persona equivocada. Looking in the wrong place. Accusing the wrong person
-Be glad to see the back of: estar feliz cuando alguien se va. Be happy when a person leaves.
-Beat around the bush: evitar un tema. Avoiding the main topic. Not speaking directly about the issue.
-Best of both worlds: lo mejor de todas las posibilidades. To enjoy all the advantages.
-Best thing since sliced bread: lo mejor invención o idea. A good innovation or plan.
-Bite off more than you can chew: abarcar más que se puede.To take on a task that is way to big.
-Blessing in disguise: una bendición oculta. Something good that isn't recognized at first.
-Burn the midnight oil: trabajar hasta tarde. To work late into the night, alluding to the time before electric lighting.
-Can't judge a book by its cover: no se puede juzgar algo/ alguien por las apariencias. You cannot judge something primarily on appearance.
-Caught between two stools: tener que elegir entre dos cosas. When someone finds it difficult to choose between two alternatives.
-Costs an arm and a leg: ser muy caro. When something is very expensive.
-Cross that bridge when you come to it: tratar algo cuando sea necesario. Deal with a problem if and when it becomes necessary, not before.
-Cry over spilt milk: llorar por el algo que se fue o estropeó. When you complain about a loss from the past.
You can learn more idioms and practise further in the following websites:

miércoles, 7 de marzo de 2018

Mobile app to learn English-Aplicaciones móviles para aprender inglés

Nowadays the mobile electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, etc. are ubiquitous and they are occupying a place important in our lives and they concentrate in just one device several tools we used daily like alarm clocks, diaries, photograph cameras, etc. Due to their portability and easy use we can use them in different fields, the street, the means of transport, at work, in bed, etc. Learning a language requires a lot of effort, time and dedication. Fortunately there are numerous applications that are going to facilitate the process, then we can learn English, German, French, etc. comfortably in the bus, subway, couch, garden, swimming-pool, etc. You can find below a list of the most widely used Android app for learning languages, most of them offer free courses in return for receiving publicity and in case you are reluctant to publicity and you can pay a tuition fee.
Hoy en día los dispositivos móviles como smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, etc. están ocupando un lugar cada vez más importante en nuestras vidas y condensando en un solo dispositivo varios instrumentos de uso diario como relojes, agendas, cámaras fotográficas, etc. Debido a su portabilidad y fácil uso los podemos usar en diferentes ámbitos, la calle, los medios de transporte, el trabajo, en la cama, etc. Aprender un idioma requiere de mucho esfuerzo, tiempo y dedicación, afortunadamente hay numerosas aplicaciones que van a facilitar este proceso, así podemos aprender inglés, alemán, etc. cómodamente en el bus, metro, sofá, jardín, piscina, etc. He aquí una selección de las más usadas para el aprendizaje de idiomas, la mayoría de ellas ofrecen cursos gratis a cambio de recibir publicidad y más servicios a cambio de pagar una cuota Premium.
- Duolingo: It has easy lessons, games, questionnaires, etc. the exercises combine vocabulary, grammar, reading and listening. https://es.duolingo.com/
-Tinycards: they are based on flashcards, so you can learn anything in relationship with meaningful fields, there are more than 200.000 cards and many languages, it is created by team of Duolingo.

-Busuu: It has exercises about vocabulary, conversations, pronunciation, grammar and the monthly fee is less than three euros if you pay a year in advance. Besides there are many native speakers and you can apply and get official certificates. https://www.busuu.com/es
-Babbel: This app starts with easy exercises and modifies the lessons according to the learner´s mistakes and skills. You can register and get one lesson free in any language but you have to pay a fee to get to the complete course. Then you can download the course offline and get official certificates too after passing each level. 

-Elsa: It specializes in pronunciation and it also gives you hints and advices after each assessment. You can try freely Elsa for seven days, then you have to pay four euros each month if you pay three months in advance. https://www.elsaspeak.com/home
-Memrise: This is a gamified app very funny and easy to use, besides the adventures and minigames are completed with chatbots that you can learn the lessons you have been taught, you can try it freely though you need to pay seven euros monthly to get all the contents. https://www.memrise.com/app/
-Rosetta Stone: this famous app has a personal and real tutor for learning any of the 24 languages, though there are some free options mostly are paid. Available also for iOS and Kindle Fire Amazon.

sábado, 17 de febrero de 2018

Direct and Indirect Speech-El estilo directo e indirecto


Direct speech or discourse is used to report exactly of what someone said in another context. It is usually marked by quotes: John shouted: Open the door!
Indirect speech or discurse consists of reporting such statements indirectly, without using quotes, in English it is necessary the backshift of tenses, pronouns, adverbs, etc.
Backshift of tenses from .......................to
Simple Present to Simple Past
Simple Past,Present and Past Perfect to Past Perfect
will (Future Simple) to would (Conditional)
Present Continuous to Past Continuous
Present Perfect Continuous to Past Perfect Continuous
Shifting of expressions of time
this (evening) that (evening)
today/this day = that day
these (days) = those (days)
now = then
(a week) ago = (a week) before
last weekend = the weekend before / the previous weekend
here = there
next (week) = the following (week)
tomorrow = the next/following day

For example: Paul: "I didn’t visited you yesterday” → Paul said (that) he hadn’t visited me the day before/ the previous day.
Jane: "I will help you now, Eve” → Jane told Eve (that) she would help her then.
Statements: Differences between SAY and TELL
o Peter: “Sarah hates Anne” → Peter said (that) Sarah hated Anne/He said to me...
o Peter: "Phillip loves Kate” → Peter told me(that)Phillip loved Kate.

Commands,orders and request: Affirmative/ Negative forms ("that" is not used here)
o Teacher: “Open the book, children”→ The teacher ordered the children to open the window.
o Elisabeth “Please, go on” → Elisabeth asked me to go on.
o Molly: “Don’t give me the garbage!” → Molly ordered not to give her the garbage.
o Norah: “Don’t look at me!”→ Norah said not to look at her.
Also, the grammar rules forbid(prohiben) the use of that in questions, such as WH-questions:
o Pat: “Why are you smiling?”→ Pat asked (me) why I was smiling.
o Nancy: “Where does George live?” → Nancy wanted to know where George lived.

o Charles: “Do you like soccer?”→ Charles wanted to know IF/WHETHER I liked soccer.
o Pamela: “Is he a good father?" → Pamela wondered IF/WHETHER he was a
good father.

Free indirect speech refers to an author, usually in a third-person perspective, writing what characters think, feel, plan, reflect, dream, etc. It was used frequently in the twentieth century novels especially by the Irish writer James Joyce (Ulysses, Dubliners...) and Virginia Woolf (Mrs Dalloway,etc):
Ah yes, she did of course; what a nuisance; and felt very sisterly and oddly
conscious at the same time of her hat. Not the right hat for the early morning, was that it? For Hugh always made her feel, as he bustled on,raising his hat rather extravagantly and assuring her that she might be a girl of eighteen...

You can practise the senteces from direct to indirect style or reported speech in the following webpages:

La voz pasiva-Passive Voice

Passive Voice. La Voz Pasiva
La voz pasiva se usa cuando se quiere resaltar la persona, animal o cosa en la que recae la acción del verbo principal en vez de resaltar el sujeto o agente de la acción verbal. A veces no se sabe, es obvio, no es relevante o no se quiere decir el sujeto de la acción del verbo. La voz pasiva se usa mucho en textos periodísticos, científicos y más tipos y en el registro formal con más frecuencia.
The passive voice is used when we want to emphasize the person, animal or thing that receives the action of the main verb instead of focusing the attention on the subject or agent of the action of the verb. It is very used in journalist and scientific texts as well as other types and formal rather than colloquial language.
We always change the Subject to the end of the sentence preceded “by”+ Noun or personal pronoun object and the Direct or Indirect Object becomes the Subject Recipient of the action of the verb. Moreover we change the verb into passive using the verb To Be and the main verb in the Past Participle form, but the tense of the active sentence is never changed.
Siempre cambiamos el sujeto al final de la frase precedido por “by + Nombre o pronombre personal objeto” y el objeto directo o indirecto llega a ser Sujeto Paciente de la acción del verbo. Además cambiamos el verbo activo a pasivo usando el verbo Ser o Estar en inglés y el Participio de Pasado del verbo principal, pero el tiempo verbal de la oración activa no cambia en la voz pasivo, esto es si es presente, pasado o futuro en la voz pasiva seguirá siéndolo.
Example: The child gives the gifts(Direct Object) to her/the lady.(Indirect Object)
Subject Recipient Direct Object: The gifts are given (Passive Verb) to the lady (IO) by the boy.
Subject Recipient Indirect Object: The lady is given (Passive Verb) the gifts (DO) by the boy.

Present Simple Active
Present Simple Passive
 Write / writes
Be written
Past Simple Active
Past Simple Passive
Was/were written
Present Continuous Active
 Present Continuous Passive
Is/ are writing
Is / are being written
Past Continuous Active
Past Continuous Passive
Was /were writing
Was/ were being written
Future Immediate Active
Future Immediate Passive
Is going to write
Is going to be made
Future Simple Active
Future Simple Passive
Will write
Will be written
Present Perfect Active
Present Perfect Passive
Has written
Has been written
Future Perfect Active
Future Perfect Passive
Will have written
Will have been written 
Future Perfect Continuous Active
Future Perfect Continuous Passive
Will have been writing
Will have been being written
Modals in Present tenses Active
Modals in Present tenses Passive
Can/may//will/ shall write
Could/ might/ would /should be written

Sometimes the Verb “get” can replace the verb BE in the passive verb form:
Example: That building in Madison Square got overhauled (mejorado).
Besides the verb “need” can also be used with a passive sense to signify when something has to be done without saying who should do it.
Example: The car needs to be mended (reparado).
Reporting verbs such as say, consider, believe, think, assume, suppose, report are often said in news broadcasts or newspaper articles to report widely held views, which may or may not have been proven. There are two forms:
It is thought that the child knew his father-------------The child is thought to have known his father
It is said that the villagers were afraid of machines--The villagers are said to be afraid of machines


martes, 13 de febrero de 2018

British TV Historical series

Nowadays we have got many resources to learn a little bit of English everyday and if we do so while we enjoy our favourite or new TV series so much the better :)
It is a good chance to improve your English and enjoy many famous and good TV series if you use the Original Version, you can start with Netflix, HBO, Movistar, Imagenio or just YouTube downloaded videos
-Britannia (2017-): a British historical period drama coproduced by Sky and Amazon Prime Video, it is aired on Sky Atlantic in the UK and Amazon in the US. Set in AD 43 the series follow the conquest of Britain in which Celtin rivals Kerra and Antedia must work together to fight off the Roman invasion led by the general and Roman politician Aulus Platius.

-The Vikings (2013- ): A good account of the Vikings deeds, plunders and daily life brought to life in the history of the legendary king of Danes and Norsemen, Rathnar Lothbrok and his wife Ladgerda.
-The Last kingdom (2015- ): Based on the book by Bernard Cornwell´s “The Saxon Stories” and produced by Netflix and BBC America. It is set in 872 in Northumbria, the protagonist Uhtred a descendant of the Saxon nobility is caged and carried to Scandinavia by Danes after the murder of king Aethelred and the fall of the legendary kingdoms the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy and the struggle of the surviving kingdom of Wessex.
-The Vikings: Athelstan´s Journal (2015-): This a Canadian produced serie based on the life of the young Anglo-Saxon Athelstan, once a monk in Lindisfarne but brought to live in Viking society as a slave when he was kidnapped by Ragnar Lothbrok and his adventures when he rejoins the Anglo-Saxons under king Egcbert.

-Robin Hood (2006-2009): the last of the TV series about this legendary folk myth produced by Tiger Aspect Productions for BBC One and BBC American cable Tv, the hero Robin returns to England after five years fighting in the Crusades and leads a band of outlaws to halt the cruelties and injustices of the wicked Sheriff of Nottingham.
-The White Queen (2013-14): a BBC1 tv drama in ten parts based on Phillippa Gregory´s historical novels series “The Cousins Wars: The White Queen, The Red Queen and The Kingmaker´s daughter”, presenting three women such as Elizabeth Woodville later wife of Edward IV, Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry Tudor and Anne Neville, wife of Richard III and the supporter of York, as  involved in the long conflict of The War of the Roses from 1464.

-The White Princess (2016-17): it is a British-American historical fiction television series of Starz as a sequel of the White Queen and it focuses in the eldest daughter of Elizabeth Woodville and her late husband King Edward IV, Elizabeth of York would end the longest civil war in British history, the War of the Roses after her marriage to king Henry VII Tudor.
-The Hollow Crowns (2012- ): a British tv series adaptations of the historical plays by William Shakespeare starred by famous actors  such as Jeremy Irons, Benedict Cumberbatch and Judi Dench. In the first cycle it were adapted Richard III, Henry IV, Henry V, and the second cycle Henry VI and Richard III.
-The Tudors (2007-10): a TV serie by BBC2 and American Premium cable TV channel Showtime as an historical fiction TV serie set in 1500s England, based specifically on the reign of king Henry VIII of England. Starred mainly by Jonathan Rhys-Meyers, Henry Cavill and Natalie Dormer.
-Will (2017- ) an American serie broadcast in TNT dealing with the lost years of the young playwright William Shakespeare after his arrival to London in 1589 mixed with rock songs.
-Wolf Hall (2015): this TV serial was broadcast on BBC2 and it is an adaptation of two of Hilary Mantel´s novels “Wolf Hall” and “Bring Up the Bodies” a fictionalized biographies of Thomas Cromwell and Saint Thomas More in the court of Henry VIII till the death of the famous saint.

-Poldark (2015- ): a British-American drama television drama based on the first two Poldark novels by Winston Graham and an earlier television series broadcast by BBC One between 1975 and 1977. It deals with the story of Ross Poldark who returns from the American War of Independence to his Cornish mineral mines, he finds his state ruined, his father dead and his girlfriend Elizabeth engaged to his cousin but he still helps a young woman from a beating and takes her as his kitchen maid as well as the people of his village to gain control of the mines against the greedy and arrogant George Warleggan.
-Banished (2015-): a BBC 2 drama television serial inspired by the lives of British in Australia during the eighteenth century when it was a penal colony. Conflicts and conviviality are mingled in New South Wales in the year 1788 alongside the British convicts and their Royal Navy Marine guards.

-Jamaica Inn (2014-): produced by BBC One and now broadcast in HBO Spain. Based on Daphne du Maurier novel´s. Set in Cornwall in 1821 a young woman, Mary Yellan moves in with her aunt and uncle to their Inn and discovers the dark trade and personality of her uncle.
-Doctor Thorne (2016- ): a three-part television drama by ITV channel adaptation of the novel by Anthony Trollope. Mary Thorne a penniless orphan grows up under the guardianship of her uncle doctor Thorne, she befriends the Gresham family though financial problems threaten their friendship.
-The Mill (2013- ): a Channel 4 British TV series about the struggle of workers during the Industrial Revolution, it is very well documented serie about the hard labour of cotton mill workers and the abuse they endure, very tragic stories contrast with the children´s tenderness.

-Dickensians (2015- ):  A serie by BBC One based on the characters and Victorian setting of Charles Dickens novels, it brings together some of the most iconic characters and their lives.
-Great Expectations (2012- ): the story of orphan Pip who becomes a gentleman when his life is transformed by a mysterious benefactor his late love quest for Estella.
-Desperate Romantics (2009- ): a BBC six-part drama based on the lives of the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood, John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Holman Hunt and the journalist and narrator offers them a muse, the young shopkeeper Elizabeth Siddal.

-North and South (2004- ): A drama series broadcast by BBC One and Netflix based on Elizabeth Gaskell´s novel about the story of Margaret Hale the daughter of an Anglican clergyman when they move to an industrial mill town and she adapts to her hard surroundings.
-Jericho (2016-2017): an ITV serie based on the inhabitants of a city in Yorkshire Dalesun whose lives will be changed after the building of the viaduct of Ribblehead.
-Death comes to Pemberley (2013- ): A tv serie by BBC One adapted from P.D. James sequel to Jane Austen´s “Pride and Prejudice” now Elizabeth and Darcy are six years married and preparing for their annual party when festivities have to be stopped due to a murder.
-The Village (2013- ): it is a BBC Tv series set in a Derbyshire village from 1914 to 1920s, the main character is Bert Middleton as a boy and his life as a working-class adult.
-Upstairs Downstairs (2010- ): an award winning British tv series by BBC One based on the lives of servants and family of the diplomat Sir Hallam Holland and his wife Lady Agnes in their sumptuous home at 165 Eaton Place, London.
-Ripper Street (2012- ): it’s a BBC tv serie set in 1889, six months since the last Jack the Ripper killing, in the streets of Whitechapel detective inspector Edmund Reid tries to establish justice, order and law to East London.
-Victoria (2016- ): another biography of Queen Victoria detailing the early years at the throne and her engagement and marriage to Prince Albert.

-Indian Summers (2015-16): a Channel 4 serie set in 1932 in Simla a town in the foothills of the Himalaya, a little England where power brokers (poderosos, corredores de bolsa) spend their summers in the final years of British colonial rule in India and the birth of a new modern nation.
-The Crimson Field (2014- ): A BBC One serie previously named as “The Ark” set in a war hospital in northern France during the Great War (1914-1918) as Kitty Treveyan as protagonist and other nurses and doctors who volunteered into busy and grim war hospitals.
-Downton Abbey (2010-2015): an awarded famous British serie (15 Emmy prizes, 3 Golden Globes and Bafta prizes) dealing with the lives of the aristocratic Crawley family and servants.
-The Passing Bells (2014- ): It is an historic epic historical drama by the BBC One, based on the lives two young ordinary soldiers during five years centered mainly in the First World War.
-Rebellion (2016-): It´s produced by the state Irish tv (RTE) dealing with the events of the Easter Rising in 1916 and three women take part in different sides and their families.
-Peaky Blinders ( 2013- ): a British action crime drama by BBC Two set in the 1920s Birmingham a gang family who sew razor blades in the peaks of their caps starring Cillian Murphy.

-Mr Selfridge (2013- ): a British period drama set from 1908 to 1928 about the Harry Gordon Selfridge, owner of the glamorous stores Selfridges´ in London.
-The Outcast (2015- ): based in a novel by Sadie Jones, it deals with the life of Lewis Aldridge and his struggle to adapt into the life of a post-war English village.
-My mother and other strangers (2016- ): Produced by BBC Northern Ireland and it follows the life of the Coyne family and their neighbours after the US Army Air Force sets up there a camp.
-Call the Midwife (2012- ): Produced by BBC One and it deals with the lives of nurses and midwives living in East London in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
-Our Zoo (2014- ): It´s a British drama tv serie about the Mottershead family in the 1930s who founded Chester Zoo in spite of huge opposition and personal sacrifice.
-The Crown (2016- ): the beginning of Queen Elizabeth´s reign with the social and political trends of the twentieth century.

-This is England ´86-´88-´90 (2006- ) it follows the life of twelve year old Shaun and the lives of young skinheads Woody, Michelle, Combo, Lol, Milky, Meggy, Pukey, etc. and different social and musical trends in England during these years.

martes, 6 de febrero de 2018

Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences
Also known as (aka.) conditional clauses or If clauses are used in English meaning that the action in the main clause (without if ) can only occur if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are many types of conditional sentences and we will review them here.
Las oraciones condicionales son usadas en inglés para expresar que el significado de la oración principal (sin el si/if) puede sólo ocurrir si una cierta condición (en la oración con if/si) se realiza. Hay muchos tipos de condicionales y las revisaremos aquí.
0-Zero Conditionals: Present tense clause + Present tense clause
This is used to state a condition that will always happen because it is always true.
If she eats a lot of fried food, she always feels sick afterwards.
1st-First Conditionals:  Present tense clause + Future tense clause
This is used to state something that is probable to occur.
If you drive too fast, you will have an accident.
If I take up karate lessons, we shall defend myself against attackers.
2nd-Second Conditionals: Past tense clause, would + Verb in the Infinitive form
This is used to state a less probable situation or hypothetical circumstance.
If we found the treasure, we would donate it to the museum.
I would join the club, if I had the time.
3rd Conditionals: Past Perfect tense, would have + Past Participle verb clause
This conditional sentences are used to express a hypothetical situation in the past.
If we had not walked so slowly, we would have arrived on time to the film premiere.
If we had written an appreciation letter to the academy, we would have received free entry tickets.
Mixed Conditionals: Past Perfect + would tense
                                    Past Simple + would have tense
                                   Past + Future tense clause
These are situations that are possible or hypothetical in the past, present or future (when the time reference in the conditional clause is different from that in the main clause).
If he had looked after his daughter better, he would not feel so sad now.
If you were an animal, you would not have put up with that cage for a long time.
If you studied a lot, you will pass your exam.

 Conditionals with Modal auxiliary verbs: Present, past or past perfect + should, could, can, 
                                                                                                                    may, might (have)   
     These are possible situations and we use a modal to advice or suggest a probability.
If you have a toothache, you should visit the dentist.
If she feels ill, she may see the doctor.
If they come late, they might be stuck in a traffic jam.
If you do not drive, you can/could take driving lessons.

We can also use other conjuncts to express a condition in a conditional phrase with unless (but not if or only if), on condition that, provided, providing, as long as, so long as, even if, but for, supposing, suppose, otherwise, or else, in case, lest.
I will drive as long as/on condition that/ provided that you do the ironing tonight.
Even if you pass the exam, you should work hard to get their approval.
Supposing you win the elections, would you do the necessary reforms?
She would be better study it, otherwise she will not succeed in her dream.

In the following websites you can practise all types of Conditional sentences and check the correction  afterwards:

viernes, 12 de enero de 2018

Formulario de valoración alumnos nivel 1 abiertas.

Hello class,
os propongo un formulario de valoración de lo que llevamos de curso hasta ahora. Para nosotros es importante saber vuestra opinión, nos ayuda a mejorar.
Por favor, responde solo una vez de manera sincera.
Gracias, un saludo.

Valoración Nivel 1 enseñanza abierta.

martes, 9 de enero de 2018

Keep calm and welcome back

Hello New Year 2018! 
We start a freezing January in Fuenlabrada, a year 2018 full of promises, fresh plans and exciting prospects. we are happy with the recent gifts, books and organizers and diaries we have received or purchased all blank to be written through the incoming months.
 We wish your dreams and desires are fulfilled and probably one of them is to learn a lot of English and to pass the English subject too ;) the language that is ubiquitous in every country, especially in America the land of hope and opportunities and the language of international communications, business, trade, science and also to socialize with most of the world´s population. 
We encourage you to continue in your study and curiosity because learning is a life-long task and as the Irish writer Samuel Becket said "Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try again. Fail again. Fail better. Learn to success" 

The best way to predict the future is to create it. Abraham Lincoln.

domingo, 10 de diciembre de 2017

Christmas Greetings. Profesora Cristina Rubio.

Hello everyone!
Te propongo una actividad colaborativa. Se trata de crear un tablero con las felicitaciones navideñas en inglés de todos los alumnos. En el siguiente enlace encontrarás un tablero PADLET. Elige tu columna y escribe una felicitación. Puedes incluir imágenes, fotos, vídeos, lo que quieras (sin olvidar las normas básicas de respeto y convivencia), pero cúrratelo un poquito para que podamos utilizarlo en nuestras redes sociales y puedas presumir ante tus amistades ;-)
Aquí te dejo algunos ejemplos que te pueden servir de inspiración.Resultado de imagen de christmas greetingsResultado de imagen de christmas greetings

Resultado de imagen de christmas greetingsResultado de imagen de christmas greetings
Resultado de imagen de christmas greetingsResultado de imagen de christmas greetings

Hecho con Padlet

lunes, 16 de octubre de 2017

Verbos Frasales

Hay dos tipos de Phrasal Verb dependiendo si no llevan Objeto Directo:
Intransitivo: ejemplo; She run away in anger= Ella huyó furiosa) y 
-si llevan Objeto Directo Transitivo: se combinan de forma diferente en las oraciones:

1-Objeto Directo entre el verbo y la partícula Cross the letters out. (Tacha las letras)
Don´t leave the pets out.(No dejes las mascotas fuera). 
Can you work the expenditures out? (¿Puedes controlar los gastos?).

2-Objeto Directo al final o entre el verbo y la partícula en caso de pronombres personales Sujeto u Objeto:
This extract deals with a controversial topic.( Éste fragmento trata de un tema controvertido)
 The caterpillar turns into a beautiful butterfly. (La oruga se convierte en una bonita mariposa) 
We get on / off the bus. (Nos montamos/bajamos del autobús).
 They just ran away. (Ellos sólo corrieron).

3-Objeto Directo o partícula inseparable
Promise me you will look after your little sister. (Prométeme que cuidarás de tu hermanita).

4-Dos Objetos Directos: Combinamos dos OD entre el verbo y la partícula:
We just put the accident down to the bad weather. (Achacamos el accidente al mal tiempo).

Para ver más ejemplos echa un vistazo a las siguientes páginas web:


Separable Phrasal Verbs:  bring about/on (to make sth to happen)= hacer que ocurra algo
bring up (raise a child or start a topic)= criar un niño/a o empezar un tema
call back= devolver la llamada
call in (official)= hacer un llamamiento
cross out (delete)= tachar, eliminar
call off (cancel)= cancelar 
take over(take control )= tomar el control
clean up= limpiar
do over (repeat)= repetir
drop off (leave sth somewhere)= dejar algo en algún sitio
figure out (understand)= comprender
fill in (complete)= rellenar
give up (stop trying)= abandonar, dejar de intentar
hand in (give a work to a teacher)= entregar
hang up (replace the telephone in the receiver)= colgar el teléfono
keep out (not enter)= no entrar
make up (invent)= inventar
look over(review)= revisar 
throw out (discard)= rechazar, descartar
try on= intentar
take off= despegar
shut off (stop sth)= parar
Inseparable Phrasal Verbs: catch up (become equal)= alcanzar, igualar, actualizar
call on (visit or ask sne. to do sth.)= pedir a alguien que haga algo
check out (leave a hotel)= salir del hotel, sacar el equipaje en aduana o aeropuertos
come across (find)= averiguar
drop by (visit unexpectedly)= visitar inesperadamente
drop out (stop attending a class)= dejar de asistir a una clase
get along with (have a good relationship with sne.)= llevarse bien con alguien
get in (enter)= entrar
get out of (leave a car)= salir del vehículo 
show up (appear)= aparecer, mostrarse
run into (meet)= encontrarse
take up (begin)= empezar, comenzar